Obesity and health problem

WHAT IS OBESITY?

Obesity is a condition that results from excessive fat storage in the body. Obesity has been defined as weighing more than 20% above what is considered normal according to standard age, height and weight tables or by a complex formula known as “Body Mass Index” (BMI).

WHAT IS BODY MASS INDEX?

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure based on a person’s height and weight. The higher your BMI, the more obese you are. The BMI values ​​apply to both men and women, regardless of their build size or muscle mass, except:

Pregnant women or nursing mothers.

People under 16 years of age

Frail or sedentary elderly

Competitive athletes

Professional bodybuilders

How to calculate BMI

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines BMI as:

BMI = weight (kg)

Height (m) x (m)

Conversion factor:

pound = kg inch x 2.54 = m

2.2 100

The healthy weight range for BMI is 18.5 – 22.9

BMI you are:

<18.5 Low weight
18.5 -22.9 Normal and healthy weight

= 23 Overweight

25 – 29.9 Obese

= 30 severely obese

CAUSES OF OBESITY

Weight is largely determined by how you balance your calorie intake from food with the energy you use in daily activities. If you eat more calories than you use, you gain weight. Your body stores calories that it does not need for energy in the form of fat.

Overeating and lack of physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors contribute to obesity. Are:

Eating habit: Regular consumption of high-calorie foods, such as fast food, contributes to weight gain. High-fat foods are dense in calories. Consuming sodas, sweets, and desserts also promotes weight gain. Foods and drinks like these are high in sugar and calories.

Lifestyle: Sedentary people are more likely to gain weight because they do not burn calories through physical activities.

Psychological factors: Some people overeat to cope with problems or deal with difficult emotions. In some cases, obesity can stem from an eating disorder. It has been shown. For example, for some people, bingeing releases natural opiates in the brain, providing a sense of well-being and physical pleasure.

Genetics: If one or both of your parents are obese, your chances of being overweight increase by 25 to 30 percent. Your genes can affect how much body fat you store and where that fat is distributed. But your genetic makeup does not guarantee that you will be obese.

Sex: Men have more muscle than women, and because muscle burns more calories than fat, men expend up to 20 percent more calories than women even at rest. Therefore, for women, achieving a healthy weight can be a more difficult challenge.

Age: As you age, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease, and fat makes up a larger percentage of your weight. This lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. Your metabolism also naturally slows down with age. People also tend to be less active as they age. Together, these changes reduce caloric needs. If you don’t decrease your calorie intake as you age, you are likely to gain weight.

Smoking cigarettes: Smokers tend to gain weight after quitting. A weight gain of 6 to 8 pounds is not uncommon. This weight gain may be due in part to nicotine’s ability to increase the rate at which your body burns calories (metabolic rate). When smokers quit, they burn fewer calories. Smoking also affects taste. Former smokers often gain weight because they eat more after they quit smoking. Your food tastes and smells better.

Pregnancy: After each pregnancy, a woman’s weight increases an average of 4 to 6 pounds above her pre-pregnancy weight. This weight gain can contribute to the development of obesity in women.

Medical problems: Less than 2 percent of all obesity cases can be attributed to a medical cause, such as low thyroid function, excessive production of hormones by the adrenal glands (Cushing’s syndrome), or other hormonal imbalances. A low metabolic rate is rarely a cause of obesity. A medical problem can also cause a decrease in activity that can lead to weight gain.

Medications: Corticosteroids and tricyclic antidepressants in particular can cause weight gain.

SOCIAL AND HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

Obesity is more than a cosmetic concern. The human body with its 30 billion to 40 billion fat cells can support some additional fat. Fat is important for storing energy and isolating the body, among other functions. But after a certain point, body fat can start to interfere with your health.

If you are obese, you are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems. They include:

Hypertension

Diabetes

Abnormal blood fats

Coronary artery disease

Career

Osteoarthritis

Sleep apnea

Cancer

Obesity can also contribute to gallstones, solid cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder, and gout, a joint disorder.

BEHAVIOR CHANGE

To lose weight and keep it off, you must make changes in your life. Changing your lifestyle is about more than choosing different foods and putting more activity into your day. It also involves changing your approach to eating and activity, which means changing the way you think, feel, and act.

Research has shown that a number of tools and tips are effective in helping you change. Follow these tips to make changes:

Get motivated – no one can make you lose weight. On the face, increased pressure often from people close to you can only make things worse. Similarly, trying to lose weight to satisfy someone else rarely works. Make changes to diet and exercise to please yourself.

Make Lifestyle Changes a Priority – As you plan to launch new weight-related lifestyle changes, make sure you’ve solved other pressing issues in your life. It takes a lot of energy to change habits, and you want to make sure you stay focused on the issue at hand.

Have a Plan – Come up with a strategy that gradually changes habits and attitudes that may have undermined your previous weight loss efforts. Choose a defined start date. Consider how often and how long you will exercise. Determine a realistic meal plan that includes plenty of water, fruits, and vegetables. Write down everything about the plan, such as: when and where you will do the steps in your plan, how your plan will fit into your schedule, what potential obstacles, and how you will deal with them.

Surround yourself with good examples – As you set your goals, it helps to surround yourself with good examples. Healthy Living and Healthy Cooking magazines include lots of real life stories, healthy and easy recipes, exercise tips, and cool fitness facts.

Avoid food triggers – Distract yourself from the desire to eat with something positive, like calling a friend. Practice saying “NO” to unhealthy foods and large portions. Eat when you are hungry, not when the clock indicates it is time to eat. When you eat, focus on eating. Serve your food on smaller plates so less food looks like more. In general, keep food out of sight and don’t keep junk food nearby.

Keep a log – You need to weigh yourself as you work to lose weight. Keep a food and activity diary regularly so you can reinforce good habits and discover behaviors you need to improve. Remember that success is not defined only by actual weight loss. Be sure to keep track of other important health parameters, such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and general fitness.

Focus on the positives: Instead of focusing on what you can’t eat, focus on what you can eat. See what new tastes and activities you can discover that will improve your health.

Don’t give up: There are many things in our culture that conspire to make you overweight and keep it off. You will have setbacks. Don’t expect perfection right away. But don’t give up. Use relapses to get back to normal. Get motivated with healthy rewards when you reach your goals.

Dealing with obesity can mean taking a hard look at how you live and making some tough changes. If you are overweight or obese, you must cultivate a positive attitude before you can shed those unwanted pounds. With knowledge, the right attitude, a good plan, and MRT Complex, you can lose weight safely, quickly, and effectively.

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