Learn Japanese easily! You are really getting used to these Japanese verbs of giving and receiving! Now is the time to focus on ageru. If you want to say things like, “I bought my son a bike,” this is the verb for you! In this Lower Intermediate Japanese article, you will find detailed information about the verb ageru. We use it to express that someone gives something to another person. Be sure to check out the helpful examples and see which ones you can incorporate into your Japanese.
Vocabulary: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:
urayamashii – “envious, enviable”
seikaku – “character, personality”
it is – “adjust, adapt”
otonashii – “calm, soft, gentle”
waza waza – “taking so much trouble”
Kaesu – “to return something”
tsurete iku – “take someone” (verb 1)
honmei – “favorite, someone you really like”
Grammar: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:
Ageru is a class two verb that we use to express that someone gives something to someone. When ageru follow the –tea form of another verb, it acts as an auxiliary verb meaning “to do something for another person”. Note that beneficiaries are not members of the doer’s ingroup. (If the beneficiaries are members of the doer’s group, use “verbo-te kureru”, which we explained in the previous lesson). We mark the maker with any of the particles Washington either Georgiawhile we mark the beneficiary with any of the particles No, either, either a (depending on the verb you use). Remember that the author of the action and the recipient of the action must have approximately the same status.
Example 1 expresses that Keisuke is asking Koji, “Aren’t you eating this chocolate to please her? Because she made it for you and she must be happy when you eat it.”
Example 2, the context of the conversation is that Fuyuka gave Koji a chocolate on Valentine’s Day. So, Keisuke asks if Koji will give Fuyuka something in exchange for her because he owes him something from her and he wants to make her happy. The beneficiary in this example is Fuyuka marked with the particle No because the main verb Kaesu (“to return”) goes with the particle No.
Example 3 he expresses that Koji is going to take Fuyuka to the movies as a token of thanks because she gave him a chocolate on Valentine’s Day. The beneficiary in this example is Fuyuka marked with the particle either because the main verb tsureteiku goes with the particle either.
In these three examples, we cannot replace the verb ageru with the verb kureru because the beneficiary is neither the speaker nor a person in the speaker’s group.
- Example 1: Tabete agenai right? “Aren’t you going to eat this for her?”
- Example 2: Fuyuka-chan ni nani ka kaeshite ageru right? “Are you going to give Fuyuka something in return?”
- Example 3: Fuyuka-chan o eigakan et tsurete itte ageru n da. “I’m going to take her to the movies.”
[doer] wa (ga) [beneficiary] neither (or, to) verb-tea + ageru
- Kyooko-san wa Mearii-san ni o-kane o kashite agemashita. “Kyoko lent Mary money.”
- Otooto wa tomodachi o kuukoo made okutte ageta. “My brother took his friend to the airport.”
- Watashi wa musuko ni jitensha o katte ageta. “I bought a bike for my son.”
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