Learn Japanese – Will You Make it in Japan?

Learn Japanese easily! When you visit Japan, it will be crucial that you can understand and give instructions. You’ll need to know all sorts of phrases and questions like “The pharmacy is there” and “Do you know where the hospital is?”

By learning a few important words and phrases, you will surely make it big on the streets of Japan. In this Japanese for Beginners article, master the words and phrases you need to give and understand instructions. Some of the Japanese vocabulary words you will discover are yakkyoku (“pharmacy”) and conbini (“convenience store”). You’ll also learn how to explain locations using the Japanese words for “near” and “there.” If you want to tour Japan without problems, don’t miss this article!

Vocabulary: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

chikaku – “close”

yakkyoku – “pharmacy, drugstore”

conbini – “convenience store”

tonari – “beside”

kusuri – “medication”

Already – a suffix meaning “store” or “seller”

tsuukoo-nin – “passerby, passerby”

Grammar: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

Vocabulary and useful phrases in a hospital

conbini – “convenience store”

Kobini is the abbreviation for konbiniensu sutoaa.

asoko – “Over there”

Asoko is one of the so-called ko-so-a-do words. For more information onKo-so-a-do wordssee Newbie series season 4 article 7.

Please review the following vocabulary:

Demonstrative pronouns:

Korea – “East”

painful – “That”

are – “that one over there”

I gilded – “which”

Demonstrative adjectives:

Kono – “East”

sound – “that”

year – “that which is over there”

Not to do – “which”

Locations:

koko – “here”

soko – “there”

asoko – “Over there”

doko – “where”

Chikaku ni yakkyoku wa arimasu ka.

“There’s a pharmacy close by?”

Please review the following vocabulary and usage:

chikaku – “near”

No – place indicating the particle

yakkyoku – “pharmacy”

Washington – theme bookmark

arimasu – “exist”

ka – question mark particle

In Newbie Series Season 4 Article 27, we introduce Sentence Structure Chikaku-ni __arimasu-ka. Now you will see that neither Georgia either Washington follows the site the speaker is looking for.

Chikaku-ni/ place you are looking for / (Washington / Georgia) arimasu ka.

Chikaku-ni / yakkyoku / wa arimasu ka.

Chikaku-ni /yakkyoku / ga arimasu ka.

Chikaku-ni / yakkyoku / arimasu ka.

Examples:

  1. Sumimasen. Chikaku ni toire wa arimasu ka. “Excuse me. Is there a bathroom near here?”
  2. Asoko desu. “It’s over there.”
  3. Sumimasen. Chikaku ni eki ga arimasu ka. “Excuse me. Is there a station near here?”
  4. Sumimasen. Wakarimasen. “I’m sorry, I do not know”.

Gramatical point

In this article, you will learn how to explain a location.

Yakkyoku wa konbini no tonari desu.

“The pharmacy is next to the convenience store.”

Please review the following vocabulary and usage:

yakkyoku – “pharmacy”

Washington – theme bookmark

conbini – “convenience store”

No – possessive particle

tonari – “beside”

from his – copula (linking verb)

Konbini no tonari means, “next to the convenience store”. Check the usage in the following examples.

  1. Yakkyoku no tonari “next to the pharmacy”
  2. byooin no tonari “next to the hospital”
  3. Eki no tonari “next to the station”
  4. daigaku no tonari “next to the university”

Positional Word List:

“English” / Japanese

“over, up, over” / your

“under, under, under” / shit

“inside” / naka

“close” / chikaku

“beside” / tonari

“in front of, before” / mae

“behind” / ushiro

Use

eki-no (Japanese positional word)/ “English”

eki-no (your) / “at the station”

eki-no (shit) / “under the station”

eki-no (naka) / “at the station”

eki-no (tonari) / “next to the station”

eki-no (chikaku) / “Near the station”

eki-no (mae ) / “in front of the station”

eki-no (ushiro) / “behind the station”

Practice – Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences.

  1. “The pharmacy is in the hospital.” Yakkyoku wa Byooin no __ from his.
  2. “The bathroom is next to the elevator.” Toire wa erebeetaa no __ from his.
  3. “The convenience store is in front of the station.” Konbini wa eki no __ from his.

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