Please Don’t Do This in Japanese!

Learn Japanese the easy way! Your Japanese is progressing very well. But, there is still much to learn. Do you know how to politely ask someone not to do something? For example, can you say “Please don’t smoke here” in Japanese? Also, if you want to ask someone not to drink, you need to know how to refer to alcohol in Japanese.

You’ll find everything you need right here in this Japanese for beginners article! You will learn how to politely ask someone not to do something using naide kusasai. Master the Japanese words for “say”, “write”, “expect” and much, much more. As a bonus, learn kakowarui Y kakkoowarui to talk about the uncool, and reason, which means “alcohol” in Japanese. This is a cool Japanese item!

Vocabulary: In this Japanese article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

suu – “smoke, inhale” (class 1 verb)

urusai – “noisy, noisy” (i-adjective)

kuroozetto – “wardrobe”

for love – “alcohol, sake”

dasu – “take out, produce” (class 1 verb)

mimi – “ear”

fuzakeru – “fool around” (class 2 verb)

hontoo neither – “really, truly” (adverb)

komaru – “to be upset, to have a problem” (class 1 verb)

me – “speak, say” (class 1 verb)

chi – “blood”

taoreru – “fall, collapse” (class 2 verb)

utsu – “hit” (class 1 verb)

kako warui – “unattractive, uncool” (i-adjective)

Grammar: In this Japanese article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

Vocabulary and useful phrases

for love

Good usually means “alcohol” in general. Often follows the polite prefix either. Japanese “rice wine” is called nihon shu.

  1. reason – “alcohol”
  2. nihon shu – “Japanese rice wine” / “sake”

kakowarui

Kako is a short form of kakkoowhich means “form”, “appearance” or “mode”. Warui means “bad” in English and is a -Yo final adjective. Kakkowarui either kakkoowarui it’s a -Yo final adjective that corresponds to “uncool”, “unattractive” or “ugly” in English. The opposite word is kakkoii either kakkoyoi. See article for newbies Nihongo Doojoo – Welcome to Style You 13 for more details!

Today’s target phrase

Fuzakenaidekudasai.

We call the verb conjugation “-No form” or “simple negative non-past form” is today’s grammar point. By adding by kudasai after the –No form of a verb, one can ask someone to refrain from doing something.

Simple Non-Past Negative Verb Conjugation (from dictionary form)

class 1 verbs (-your verbs)

  1. Drop the ending sound -u
  2. Add –a nai

“English” / dictionary form / simple negative form

“to write” / kaku / kakanai

“speak” / Hanasu / hanasanai

“expect” / matsu / Matanai

“To die” / Shinu / Shinanai

“to drink” / Name / nomanai

“to make” / tsukuru / tsukuranai

“to swim” / oyogu / oyoganai

“invite” / I bu / yobanai

For class 1 verbs that have dictionary forms ending in hiragana youwe add –wanai instead of anai.

Class 2 verbs (-your verbs)

  1. drop the end your sound
  2. Add No

“English” / dictionary form / simple negative form

“to eat” / taberu / Tabenai

“sleep” / neru / babe

Class 3 verbs (Irregular verbs)

“English” / dictionary form / simple negative form

“to do” / suru / shinai

“to come” / kuru / konai

exceptions

“English” / dictionary form / simple negative form

“exist” / aru / No

naide kusasai. / Please do not do it—.

[non-past plain negative form of a verb] + from kudasai.

“Please do not do it [verb].”

We use this sentence pattern to make a polite request not to do something.

Today’s Dialogue Sentences:

  1. suu “to smoke” (class 1Suwanai) Tabako or suwanaide kudasai. “Please don’t smoke.”
  2. akeru “open” (class 2akenai) Kuroozetto or akenaide kudasai. “Please don’t open the closet.”
  3. Name “to drink” (class 1nomanai) O-sake or nomanaide kudasai. “Please don’t drink alcohol.”
  4. dasu “to produce” (class 1dasanai) Ookii koe or dasanaide kudasai. “Please don’t talk loudly.”
  5. fuzakeru “kidding” (class 2fuzakenai) Fuzakenaidekudasai. “Please don’t joke.”
  6. me “say, say” (class 1iwanai) Iwanaidekudasai. “Please don’t say/say something.”

Practice 1: Fill in the blanks to complete the chart.

“English” / dictionary form / Simple Negative Form / masu form

“listen” / kiku / kikanai / kikimasu

“to lend” / Kasu / Kasanai / kashimasu

“stand” / Tatanai / Tatanai / tachimasu

“read” / yomu / yomanai / yomimasu

“understand” / wakaru / wakaranai / wakarimasu

“to eat” / taberu / Tabenai / tabemasu

“to do” / suru / shinai / shimasu

“to come” / kuru / konai / kimasu

practice 2:

Rewrite the sentences using the –Naide Kudasai building.

1) terebi or miru

two) eigo or hanasu *eigo (*English)

3) war * war (* to laugh)

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