The Right Way to Sightsee in Japan

Learn Japanese easily! When you visit Japan, you will surely do a lot of sightseeing. It will be a lot of fun, but there are a few things you need to know first. For example, you’ll need to know basic words for “tourism” and “tour bus.” You may not even think about it, but it’s important that you can say, “I’d like to go sightseeing.” And knowing the times will prevent you from missing your route. This Japanese for Beginners article is packed with everything you need to make sightseeing in Japan fun and educational. Find out how we use Japanese kankoo to form words from “tourist” to “tourist” to “tour bus.” As a bonus, you’ll find charts that provide a helpful review of Japanese times: AM, PM, hours, and minutes. This real-world Japanese article contains lots of example sentences and review information to make your Japan sightseeing a breeze!

Vocabulary: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

kankoo – “sightseeing”

Gaido – “tour guide”

yotei – “plans, arrangements, schedules”

I – “speak, say” (V1)

mazú – “first of all, to begin with”

Kitakamakura – “Kitakamakura” (name of a place)

Engaku-ji – “Engaku-ji Temple”

Meigetsuin – “Meigetsuin Temple”

kamakura – “Kamakura” (name of a place)

tsuku – “reach, reach” (V1)

ichi-jikan – “one hour”

goro – “especially”

chikaku – “close”

Grammar: In this lesson you will learn the following words and phrases:

Vocabulary and useful phrases

kankoo “sightseeing

Review the meanings of the following vocabulary words.

  1. kankoo kyaku – “tourist, tourist, visitor”
  2. kankoo basu – “tourist bus, tour bus”
  3. kankoo chi – “tourist area, tourist site”

Kankoo is a noun, but when we add it
or suru either
suruit becomes a verb.

kankoo(o)suru ]- “sightseeing, sightseeing

mazú “First of all”

sorekara “and then after that

We often use these words to explain procedures.

For example:

Mazu, kankoo or shimasu. Tsugi ni, ranchi or tabemasu. Sorekara omiyage or kaimasu

“First, we’ll go sightseeing. And then we’ll have lunch. After that, we’ll buy souvenirs.

goro “above all

time expression + goro = “around ____, about ____”

For example:

  1. roku-ji goro “around 6:00”
  2. ichi gatsu goro “around January”

Examples of Sentences:

  1. Mainichi, shichi-ji goro (ni) okimasu. “I get up around 7:00 every day.”
  2. Mainichi, juuichi-ji goro(ni)nemasu. “I go to bed around 11:30 every night.”

Grammar review:

In this lesson, we will review:

  1. how to tell the time
  2. Verb conjugation: dictionary form Ô –masu way

kuji han desu

“It’s 9:30”

I time Ò SEE Nihongo Doojoo: Welcome to Style You” Articles 16 and 17

o’clock (hour):

Weather / Japanese

1:00 / ichi-hee

2:00 / niji

3:00 / san hee

4:00 / yo-hee

5 o’clock / goji

6 o’clock / roku-ji

7:00 / shichi-ji/nana-ji

8:00 / hachi-hee

9 o’clock / Kuji

10:00 / juuji

11:00 / juuichi-hee

12:00 / juuini-hee

Minute:

Weather / Japanese

:01 / ippun

:02 / not-funny

:03 / san-pun

:04 / yon-fun

:05 / Have fun

:06 / roppun

:07 / lullaby-fun

:08 / going

:09 / kyuu-fun

:10 / Juppun

:30 / sanjuppun either they have

AM and PM:

Weather / Japanese

AM / enjoy

PM / go-go

For Example:

  1. gozen juu-ji sanjuu sanpun “10:33”
  2. gogo ku-ji juunana-fun “21:17

Practice:

Say the following times in Japanese.

  1. 12:30
  2. 4:56
  3. 21:00
  4. 7:18 a.m.
  5. 16:27

taberu doko?

Eki no chikaku from tabemasu.

II. Conjugation of the verb Ò SEE items 19-22 of “Nihongo Doojoo: Style You and Beyond”

Class 1 verbs:

dictionary form EITHERmasu form:Change the ending –you for –i masu-Masu way EITHER dictionary form: Change the ending –i masu for –you

“English” / dictionary form / -masu form

“meet up” / it is / aimasu

“to talk” / Hanasu / hanashimasu

“stand” / tatsu / tachimasu

Class 2 verbs:

dictionary form EITHERmasu form: Change the ending you for masu

Masu way EITHER Dictionary form: Change the ending masu for you“English” / dictionary form / -masu form

“to eat” / taberu / tabemasu

“to sleep” / neru / nemasu

“Get down” / oriru / orimasu

Class 3 verbs (irregular):

“English” / dictionary form / -masu form

“what to do” / suru / shimasu

“come” / kuru / kimasu

Practice:

Fill in the blanks to complete the table

“English” / dictionary form / -masu form

“get” / tsuku / ___

“to eat” / ___ / ___

“to go” / ___ / ikimasu

“travel as a tourist” / ___ / Kankoo Shimasu

“tell” / I / ___

“say” (honorific) /___/ mooshimasu

Convert the following informal speech into formal speech:

  1. Watashi wa ku-ji ni okiru. Ku-ji han ni asagohan or taberu. Juu-ji neither gakkoo nor iku.

Convert the following formal speech to informal speech:

  1. Watashi wa roku-ji goro uchi ni kaerimasu. Shiji-ji kara hachiji made benkyoo or shimasu. Hachi-ji kara terebi or mimasu.

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