Some of the most interesting plants you can find at your local nursery or home improvement garden center is the orchid. The orchid is an exquisite and very unique flower as it stands out among the rest of the flowers that are available for purchase. The orchid generally has a long stem that has one large flower to several small flowers at the top. There are many different types of orchids available today.
The beautiful orchid has adorned our world for many centuries. Today, the orchid varieties exceed 25,000 and the number of hybrids far exceeds 100,000. The number of hybrids is continually growing as orchid lovers are creating new and more interesting flowers. The reason for creating hybrids is to increase the color, design and durability of the plant. By durability, which means how easy it is to grow, make the bloom last longer, and be less susceptible to dying under watering. These are the types of orchids that are available to buy at the nursery.
Each orchid comes from one of two very large families. One family is called Terrestrial and the other is Epiphyte. Within each of these families, the different types of orchids will vary. The two groups are based on where and how the orchid grows. The first family, the terrestrial ones, are the orchids that we normally see and many of the orchids grow their roots below the ground, although some can grow their roots above and below the surface of the ground. The term for this particular species is called semi-terrestrial.
One of the most common types of orchids within the terrestrial family is the Cymbidium. This orchid was one of the first types of orchids to be grown and brought into our homes. These orchids can be found in the regions of Southeast Asia, Japan, and Australia. Cymbidium must be planted in a mixture of soil and rock and is one of the most popular orchids. An attribute of Cymbidium is that this is one of the few types of orchids that can withstand colder temperatures.
The second of the two types of orchids are epiphytes. These orchids grow with their roots exposed to the elements and can be found growing in a multitude of different places, such as in trees and in rocky areas. Due to the locations these orchids live in, they offer a greater quantity of seeds to ensure that they are successfully disbursed by both the wind and animals and insects. When an orchid grows on a tree, its roots will get the necessary moisture from the tree’s bark. Epiphytes are easier to grow than terrestrial ones because the watering process is much easier.
Today there are over 1,000 different Epiphytes and each one is as beautiful as the next. These types of orchids are typically found in more tropical areas such as Australia, Polynesia, Southeast Asia, and northern India. Of these types of orchids, Dendrobiums are the most common, but they don’t bloom as often as we’d like.
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